Why does Jesus have two lines of Ancestors?
The Book of Matthew traces the descent of Jesus from Abraham to David to Solomon to Jechonias to Joseph.
"Begat" means the man was the biological father of the son.
This is not said about Jesus, as Joseph was not His biological father.
The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.
Abraham begat Isaac;….
And Jesse begat David the king; and David the king begat Solomon of her that had been the wife of Urias;….
And Josias begat Jechonias and his brethren, about the time they were carried away to Babylon:
And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.
David is mentioned before Abraham as he was the most famous king of Israel.
Then Abraham is mentioned because he conquered the kings of his day (proving that he was greater than them) but then subjected himself to Melchisedec who was also a king.
Who is this Melchisedec?
For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him;
:2 To whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all; first being by interpretation King of righteousness, and after that also King of Salem, which is, King of peace;
3: Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually.
“Without father, without mother”. In other words He was not born of human parents.
“having neither beginning of days, nor end of life”; This means that He was never born. He never died.
So Melchisedec had to be God. God picked up a handful of dust and created a human body for himself, in which He lived for a while when He dealt with Abraham.
So this is where Matthew starts as he declares Christ to be the King. Melchisedec was the real King and He dealt only with Abraham, not with the kings of that day.
Matthew Chapter 1 continues the blood line up to David, the most famous of the Jewish kings.
Then he moves on to Solomon who followed David as king. So no-one can be king of the Jews unless he is a descendant of Solomon.
The kingly line continues to Jeconias. Jeconias is the Greek name. Jeconiah is the same name in Hebrew.
The "ah" comes from "Yah" which is an abbreviation of Yahweh, a modified Hebrew name for God.
The real Name for God in the Old Testament was the unpronounceable YHWH.
The "a" and "e" were added in by people to make the Name pronounceable.
Compare this with Elijah, which is a Hebrew name, that is called Elias in Greek.
But Coniah (meaning “established”) who was also called Jeconiah (established by Jehovah) was cursed by God so that no descendent of his would be allowed to be a king.
Jehovah is a translation of Yahweh.
In the Old Testament God revealed Himself as a Spirit. We cannot really describe an invisible Spirit. So God took on Names that would indicate His various powers and the fact that He was Lord.
These Names fell away in the New Testament when God the Father (the invisible Spirit) clothed Himself in a human Body (the Son of God) and gave Himself a human Name, Jesus Christ.
We can reasonably understand the Humanity of God (the Son of God ) although we cannot understand the invisible Father who dwelt within Christ. But we now have a human Name for God. Hence the Old Testament Names of the Spirit of God (Adonai, Yahweh, Jehovah, YHWH etc) were replaced by His Human Name, Jesus Christ.
The Name Jehovah appears often in the Old Testament but never in the New Testament.
Is this man Coniah a despised broken idol? is he a vessel wherein is no pleasure? wherefore are they cast out, he and his seed, and are cast into a land which they know not?.
:30 Thus saith the LORD, Write ye this man childless, a man that shall not prosper in his days: for no man of his seed shall prosper, sitting upon the throne of David, and ruling any more in Judah.
Thus Joseph, a descendent of Coniah (or Jeconiah or Jeconias) cannot be king. But only this line that descends from Solomon can be king. There is no other royal line. Yet this line has been cut off when it gets to Coniah aka Jeconiah. (aka means "also known as".)
To solve this problem, Luke takes up the descendents of David through his eldest son Nathan. This line cannot be king but thy are free from Coniah’s curse. This line produces Mary. Christ is her Son, not Joseph’s. Joseph adopts Jesus. An adopted son can claim the full inheritance of a natural born son. Thus through Joseph, Jesus can claim to be King of the Jews. But not being Joseph’s natural son, He is free from Coniah’s curse.
This gives Jesus the unique position of being the only Person who can claim to be King of the Jews.
The blood lines of Matthew and Luke are the same between Abraham and David. Notice how Luke describes the line of descent. He does not say “ begat” as this means a natural born son. He says “the son of” which has a double meaning. It can mean son or son-in-law. All the names mentioned are natural sons except for Joseph. He was the son-in-law of Mary’s father. Which makes him the son of Mary’s father. Every son-in-law has to get used to calling his father-in-law “Dad”. For some, this takes a lot of getting used to. But Luke, writing in Greek, had the problem that there is no Greek word for son-in-law.
And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was the son of Heli,
(Heli was the father of Mary. Joseph was technically his son by marriage to Mary).
:24 Which was the son of Matthat, which was the son of Levi, which was the son of Melchi, which was the son of Janna, which was the son of Joseph,
:31 Which was the son of Melea, which was the son of Menan, which was the son of Mattatha, which was the son of Nathan, which was the son of David,
:38 Which was the son of Enos, which was the son of Seth, which was the son of Adam, which was the son of God.
Matthew described Jesus as the King of the Jews. The Lion of Judah. A King must be from the kingly line of king David.
Mark describes Jesus as the Ox, the suffering Servant who bears our burdens. No blood line is needed to be a servant.
Luke describes Jesus as the ideal Man. Thus he starts with Adam , the first perfect man, who messed up in the Garden of Eden. Then Jesus, as the last Adam, the last perfect Man, had to repair Adam’s fall in the Garden of Gethsemane and on Calvary with His Blood.
God cursed the ground for Adam’s sake.
GENESIS 3: 17
And unto Adam he said, Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, of which I commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat of it: cursed is the ground for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat of it all the days of thy life;
:18 Thorns also and thistles shall it bring forth to thee; and thou shalt eat the herb of the field;
:19 In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return.
Jesus sweated Blood in Gethsemane and they pushed a crown of thorns into His head as they prepared Him for the cross. Thus both the thorns and sweat touched the Blood of Jesus. Thus the curse of thorns and sweat will one day be removed.
But Luke has 13 more generations than Matthew. Why did Matthew leave these out?
Coniah was cut out of the kingly line by God, because of his rebellion against God. To emphasize this cutting out, Matthew cut out 13 kings from his list because 13 is the number of rebellion.
This is a grim warning to us. If we rebel against God's Bible, He will cut us out of the Book of Life.
Twelve years they served Chedorlaomer, and in the thirteenth year they rebelled.
These were the kings who had fought against each other and then Abraham defeated the victors.
Matthew is warning us not to rebel against God.
Revelation Chapter 13 is the place where two great beasts (powers) rise up in rebellion against God to cause the world to take on the mark of the beast. In the forehead is the brain which enables us to think. These two beasts will brainwash the world until they no longer strictly follow the Bible.
The first beast is the rise of Roman Catholicism to establish an unscriptural denominational system that obeys the commandments of man. Denominationalism is partly based on Scripture and partly based on human opinion and tradition. But it has successfully convinced more than a billion people.
Then a second beast, America, arises as the strongest nation that uses its financial muscle and scientific progress to take the lead in establishing Protestants and non-Catholics into another denominational system that is an image of the powerful and world-wide Catholic religious system of "churchianity" that is partly Scriptural and partly unscriptural.
Matthew eliminated 13 from the kingly line and then had three sets of 14 generations.
This is a play on words. In Hebrew there are no vowels . So David is spelled Dvd. In Hebrew, certain letters can represent a number. D represents the number 4 and V represents the number 6.
So DVD adds up to 4 + 6 + 4 = 14.
So Matthew uses three groups of 14 generations to emphasize the number 14.
This is the number associated with David’s name.
So David is the king who gives importance to this line. The kings are not important people themselves, they gain their importance by being the sons of David. "Son" can mean a literal son or a later descendant.
But the line started with Abraham who submitted himself to King Melchesedek (God in a human body that He created from a handful of dust and briefly used before breaking the body back into atoms when He had no further use for it).
So Abraham gained his importance by his faith in God. The line then ends when Jesus is adopted by Joseph.
Jesus is also called the Son of David.
But Jesus is greater than David as Jesus is not just King of the Jews, but He is soon to appear as King of all the earth. So David gains his importance from being in the line that produced Jesus.
The four Gospels are the heart of the Bible. They join the New and the Old Testaments together.
The heart has two veins that allow the blood to flow into the heart. The one vein enters the first chamber. The blood then flows to the second chamber from where it goes out of the heart into the lungs. Then the blood, full of life-giving oxygen, flows back into the third chamber and from there to the powerful fourth chamber which pumps the blood into the body.
So Matthew Chapter 1 records the ancestry of Jesus as Son of David, the King. The blood flow of this royal line represents the blood flow from the body into the first chamber of the heart. Then Luke Chapter 3 goes back to Adam, the son of God, to show that Jesus enters the human race as the life-giving Spirit of God. (represented by the third chamber of the heart).
And when Jesus departed thence, two blind men followed him, crying, and saying, Thou Son of David, have mercy on us.
For even the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.
The heart has four chambers which clean up and pump the life giving blood through the Body.
The four Gospels describe how Eternal Life was achieved by the shedding of the Blood of Jesus at Calvary.
Each chamber represents a different part of the process for pumping the blood.
Each Gospel represents a different ministry that Jesus performed to achieve our salvation.
Matthew shows Him as the King. Mark shows Him as the Servant, the One who came to serve. His service was to die for our sins.
This is very unusual. Kings like to rule, they do not want to serve.
Luke shows Him as the Perfect Man. John shows that He was also God in the flesh, Emmanuel.
This is impossible for most people to understand. A human Being within Whom the fulness of God's Spirit dwells.
God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth.
For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily.
Three of these ministries can be represented by special animals.
The King of the beasts is the lion. Jesus is the Lion of Judah.
The ox is the very tough and strong beast of burden who serves us by carrying our heavy loads.
The ideal man is the Person, Jesus, that we all should strive to imitate.
The eagle has incredible eyesight and flying high, it can see far, much further than we can.
Jesus, as the great Eagle, can even see into the future.
This looks like the vision that John saw of God in Heaven.
And immediately I was in the spirit: and, behold, a throne was set in heaven, and one sat on the throne.
:6 And before the throne there was a sea of glass like unto crystal: and in the midst of the throne, and round about the throne, were four beasts full of eyes before and behind.
:7 And the first beast was like a lion, and the second beast like a calf, and the third beast had a face as a man, and the fourth beast was like a flying eagle.
Ezekiel saw something similar.
As for the likeness of their faces, they four had the face of a man, and the face of a lion, on the right side: and they four had the face of an ox on the left side; they four also had the face of an eagle.
The calf was obviously a young ox.
If this is what God's throne looks like in Heaven, then where is His throne on earth?
He once dwelt in a Temple in Jerusalem, which was called the Holy Place because God dwelt there.
God ripped the veil to the Holy of Holies and left the Temple when Jesus died at Calvary. The Temple was destroyed by the Roman general Titus, who was son of the Roman emperor Vespasian., in AD 60.
So there is no more Holy Place on earth for God to dwell.
So where does God dwell now?
There are 4 Gospels. They all tell us about the Cross at Calvary.
The number 4 can be built around a cross.
Then the four ends of the cross can be connected by a heart-shape.
If the four chambers of the heart represent the four guards around the throne, then Jesus wants to dwell in the midst of our human hearts.
God no longer dwells on earth in a Holy Place.
God now dwells in the hearts of holy people.
Each holy person is a living stone that is part of God's spiritual Temple that He is building up.
And round about the throne were four and twenty seats: and upon the seats I saw four and twenty elders sitting, clothed in white raiment; and they had on their heads crowns of gold.
To protect our hearts we have 24 ribs which represent the twenty four elders sitting around the throne.
Who are the 24 elders?
The 12 Patriarchs from the Old Testament who gave their names to the twelve tribes of Israel.
The twelve Apostles from the New Testament who laid down the foundation for the church.
The Greek language has 24 letters of the alphabet.
All Greek words are made up from these 24 letters.
Jesus is the Word.
The elders represent the letters of the alphabet through which He expresses Himself, both in the Old Testament and in the New Testament.
So Jesus dwells in our hearts by faith, surrounded by 4 chambers and 24 ribs.
God left the Holy Place where He dwelt on earth in the Old Testament and on the Day of Pentecost He came down to dwell in the holy hearts of the disciples who were in the upper room.
The human heart is where God chooses to dwell on earth.
He awaits your invitation for Him to enter your heart.
You must allow Him in, of your own free will.
Repentance is the act that opens our hearts to Jesus.