The sun was not created on Day 4
In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.
God created everything before He began specifying the first seven days.
There is no mention of any duration of time in the first verse of the Bible.
You are free to assume any length of time that you feel is appropriate for the creation of the Earth and deep space. It could have taken billions of years to create all the stars as well as our solar system. God was in no rush. After all, He lives in eternity where there is no time. But, applying time to creation events that were done by God who dwells in eternity, is probably a pointless exercise.
God created deep space and the Sun, Moon, and the Earth out of nothing.
As there is no mention of time, we do not know how long God took to create the physical Earth. God wanted the Earth to sustain life so he had to cover it in a deep layer of water. Life requires a lot of water. But as long as the Earth was far away from the Sun, it was very cold. Thus the surface layer of water would be frozen and the Earth looked like a snowball, all covered in a deep layer of ice. This was the first ice age.
Then God had to nudge the frozen Earth closer to the Sun and the ice began to melt. The frozen blocks of ice, as they began melting, moved over the surface of the Earth and began shaping the surface of the Earth. God pushed the massive ice blocks and glaciers around until He had shaped and scraped the surface of the Earth to His liking.
God could repeat this process a number of times if you require more ice ages.
Then the ice blocks all melted and the entire Earth was covered in a deep layer of water.
But water evaporates and forms clouds.
So, dense clouds formed above the surface of the Earth, and these thick cloud banks blotted out the sunlight. Above the clouds, the Sun was shining but below the clouds, all the water was in darkness.
As the clouds began to form they caused darkness below the clouds.
Moses was watching these events in a vision.
As the vision moved over the surface of the Earth, all Moses could see was the flat surface of the water. Water has no shape or form of its own. It always flows to take on the shape of its container. Water on the Earth’s surface cannot form hills and valleys, it just lies flat, as far as Moses could see.
And the earth was without form, and void;
(the surface of the water was just flat and empty, it had no shape whatsoever. Just a huge expanse of emptiness.)
and darkness was upon the face of the deep.
(The deep waters from the melted icebergs and glaciers were covered in darkness in the same way that thick clouds caused by evaporating seawater can block the sunlight from reaching the Earth’s surface).
And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
Having created the Earth which could not create itself, God now decided to put life on the Earth.
Only God was moving at the beginning.
Time had not yet been mentioned so we do not know how long these events had taken. But the Spirit of God moved over the waters and He was busy planting the seeds of life underneath the surface of the Earth which was under the water, which was under the clouds. When God moves, He brings life where there is no life.
So God now had to remove the clouds and water and bring forth the life that was in the seeds.
The fuzzy yellow shape represents God.
Having planted the seeds below the water, God could now look down on the Earth that was still covered in water and darkness. God had a specific plan whereby He was going to fill the Earth with life.
Thus far His creation was not associated with any specific time. We do not know how long God took.
So we cannot tell from Genesis chapter 1 how old the Earth actually is.
God only mentioned time when He decided to put life on the Earth that had already been created.
God decided to bring forth the life in the seeds that were under the soil, under the water, and under the clouds.
And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.
The sunlight was already there but it could not penetrate the thick cloud banks to reach the Earth.
When God said “Let there be light”, the spoken Word of God struck the thick cloud banks and broke them up so completely that the water molecules in the clouds were turned back into their basic atoms of oxygen and hydrogen gas. These transparent gases thus formed a high, protective veil around the Earth which allowed the sunlight through.
Thus the sunlight could strike the Earth.
The infrared heat waves from the Sun would disperse through this outer veil of gases and become uniformly distributed by the time it reached the Earth. Thus there was a uniform temperature around the Earth and no rain would form. Rain forms when the hot air and cold air meet. For example, on a cold day, your hot breath hits the cold windscreen of your car and the water vapour condenses and forms a foggy layer on the windscreen.
The comet Linear which broke apart near the Sun in 2000 AD yielded a cloud of hydrogen gas and oxygen gas formed by the breaking up or dissociation of about 3,3 million tonnes of water. This indicates that water can easily break up into its two component gases in space.
And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness.
Everything God makes is good. The half of the Earth that faced the Sun was in daylight. The half of the Earth that faced away from the Sun was in darkness. Darkness was not a special creation, it was simply an absence of light.
Unbelief, which is sin, is simply an absence of Scripture. Whatever we believe that is not based exactly on the written Word, which is called the Bible, is unbelief or spiritual darkness.
And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.
This is the first mention of time.
There were no humans present so God did not need to measure in human days.
Only God was present so He measured in “God days”.
How long is a “God day”? 1000 of our human years.
II PETER 3:8
But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day.
This first day symbolizes salvation. Our hearts are covered in a dense layer of sin or unbelief. When we repent, God’s Word strikes the layer of sin and unbelief and demolishes it until our sins can no longer be seen. Freed from sin we rejoice in the Light of the Son of God, Jesus Christ, who died for our sins. Remember, He was always there but only now that our sins are forgiven, are we able to see for the first time how marvelous He is.
God did not have to take 1000 years to disperse the cloud banks and remove the darkness. He chose to take that long. He waited until the 1000 years were up. Then Day one was over and time to start the second step.
And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.
The first necessity for life is to have light.
Then living things need an atmosphere to breathe.
So God then filled the space between the waters of the sea down below that covered the Earth and the high-up waters of the clouds that He had broken up into water's component gases of hydrogen and oxygen. [God would join these high-up gases together to re-form water in Noah’s day, and then cause all this water to rain down on the Earth. Thus the protective veil of gases rained down as water. With no protective veil above the Earth, the harsh components of the sunlight, like ultraviolet, struck the Earth and people began to die at a younger age after the Flood.]
Something similar has been observed in 2016 AD. Europa, a moon of the planet Jupiter, is covered in ice. The space probe Galileo went to Jupiter, arriving there in 1995, and later discovered evidence of saltwater below the icy surface of Europa, indicating a possible ocean below the icy surface. In 2016 the space telescope Hubble produced photographs of intermittent plumes of oxygen and hydrogen that are ejected upwards from the surface of Europa and go hundreds of kilometers into space. Because Hubble could detect the spectra of hydrogen gas and oxygen gas, scientists believed that the plumes must be water. This is evidence that we have detected from space that is similar in some ways to what God did at the beginning when He took water high above the atmosphere and then separated the water molecules into hydrogen gas and oxygen gas in order to form a high-up, transparent veil of protective gases around the earth.
But the atmosphere on earth had to have a critical combination of gases in order to support land life (us humans and other animals). This space between the upper waters and the lower seas is called the atmosphere and it had to be filled with an exact ratio of gases: 21 % of active oxygen gas to boost the combustion of food in our body cells as we breathe. This burning keeps us warm as our body temperature is about 37◦C. The atmosphere needs 78% of almost inert nitrogen gas to keep everything stable so that the oxygen does not boost burning fires too much which would cause the fires to burn out of control. The Apollo 1 spacecraft in 1967 had 100 % oxygen under pressure and an accidental spark caused such a fierce flame that all three astronauts were tragically killed before anyone could open the capsule door to rescue them.
And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so.
The waters above the firmament are the basic ingredients of water, hydrogen and oxygen.
An atmosphere of breathable gases was called the firmament. The percentage of gases in the air needs to be very precise. If there is less than 16% oxygen then fires will not burn and the food will not burn in our cells to give us energy and keep us warm. If the oxygen is more than 21% then fires become difficult to control.
And God called the firmament Heaven. And the evening and the morning were the second day.
We humans “look up” to see Heaven as we know that Heaven is a higher dimension. So our atmosphere is also a symbol of Heaven.
Because the Earth has an atmosphere of air, the air molecules scatter the blue component of sunlight in all directions. The blue light has a short wavelength and is very energetic. Part of the blue light scatters downwards towards the Earth. When we look up, we see the blue light coming down to us. Thus we see the sky as having a blue colour.
This is symbolic of the throne of God.
And above the firmament that was over their heads was the likeness of a throne, as the appearance of a sapphire stone: and upon the likeness of the throne was the likeness as the appearance of a man above upon it.
(Sapphire is a blue stone).
God took 1000 years to get the atmosphere established so that living things could breathe.
In our Christian experience, the first step is to get saved as we repent of our sins which enables us to “see the Light”. Our next step is to develop an atmosphere of holiness or sanctification.
Follow peace with all men, and holiness, without which no man shall see the Lord:
I THESSALONIANS 4:3
For this is the will of God, even your sanctification, that ye should abstain from fornication:
Scientists claimed that somehow life started when the Earth's atmosphere was full of poisonous gases like ammonia and methane. But they find no evidence of these gases in the early rocks. Starting life in the midst of poisonous gases is not a very convincing argument.
How old is the atmosphere?
Swedish Gold Medal Prize winner Professor Melvin Cook from Utah University calculated that the atmosphere is more like 10000 years old.
The earth may be old but a young atmosphere.
Now it was time for the third step, Day 3.
And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so.
The waters gathered together and pulled away from the land. The seas represent the restless multitudes and nations.
And he saith unto me, The waters which thou sawest, where the whore sitteth, are peoples, and multitudes, and nations, and tongues.
As the unrighteous pull together to oppose the truth, so they leave the righteous isolated. The land represents the righteous. Sinners move away from and reject the righteous in order to join the majority and go with the flow, which is always downhill into error.
God now pushed up the land so that it stood above the sea. One large supercontinent, called Pangaea (all-Earth) by the scientists. In Noah’s day, God would split up this large landmass into smaller continents.
And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters called he Seas: and God saw that it was good.
The dry land got a name, Earth. The water got no name. The process of the gathering of the waters was called Seas. In the end, there will be an ecumenical move whereby the churches unite in their common rejection of portions of the Bible. Churches no longer take the Bible as their absolute. The meanings of words are changed to suit the people. Christians claim that there are mistakes in the Bible. There are now over 100 versions of the Bible, all different from each other. The Bible-believing Bride of Christ is thus cut off and left alone and separated. The Greek word for “church” means “called out” or "separated". Believing the Bible makes one less and less wanted in the churches.
And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth: and it was so.
Now that the clouds had gone and the sunlight was reaching the Earth, and with an atmosphere that could be breathed and with the land separated from the Seas, it was time for the seeds that God had planted in the Earth to begin to germinate. Plants began to come forth, which was the first step in the miracle of life.
And the earth brought forth grass, and herb yielding seed after his kind, and the tree yielding fruit, whose seed was in itself, after his kind: and God saw that it was good.
Each species of plant brings forth seeds that produce more of the same species.
And the evening and the morning were the third day.
This third step of producing botany life, which took place on the third Day, is symbolic of spiritual Life, the baptism of the Holy Spirit. The Spirit of God then takes control of the individual and begins to guide that person into God’s perfect will for that person. Previously we ran our own lives, but the Spirit-filled believers hand over control of their lives to God and let Him run their lives.
God allowed another 1000 years to pass before He made His next move.
And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years:
Up till now, all the development has been on the Earth. But the time had come for the Earth to fit into the bigger picture and find its correct position in space relative to the Sun, Moon, and stars.
The fourth step in the Christian experience, after going through justification, sanctification, and the Holy Spirit baptism is for the individual to find their God-appointed position in the spiritual Body of Christ, which is His church.
We need the Sun, and the Earth spinning around its axis, for days and nights to occur. The Earth must spin once in 24 human hours. If it spins slower, the day will be too long and the Earth will get too hot. Humans will also get too tired, having to work for these longer days. If it spins faster, the day will be too short to get all our work done. In addition, the day will not get hot enough and crops need this heat and light energy which they get from the Sun.
Thus the day depends on the spin rate of the Earth on its axis. The temperature of the day also depends on the Earth’s distance from the Sun. Too close and we get too hot, too far and we get too cold. So all these conditions are quite critical.
The year depends on the time it takes for the Earth to move around the Sun. So the speed of the Earth through space is also quite critical. If it goes much faster, the year will be shorter and crops will not have enough time to grow. If the Earth moves slower, the year will be longer and wintertime will be longer which means that we will not have enough food harvest from summer to get through the winter.
In the southern hemisphere, we use the Southern Cross to find direction. This is symbolic of the spiritual truth that the Cross of Calvary is where we find direction in order to get to Heaven.
The north star always points north. This symbolizes Jesus Christ as being the same yesterday, today and forever. He is the unchanging Saviour.
Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to day, and for ever.
The Earth in its orbit around the Sun enables humans to see different parts of the sky during the different seasons. We only see the stars at night when we look in the direction that is away from the Sun.
During the three months of each season, there are certain star constellations that are visible in the night sky. As long as those stars were visible at night, people knew which season they were in. The star constellations were the first calendar that people used. The name of the star-constellation that dominates the northern sky is written in red.
And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so.
God placed the Earth at critical distances from the Sun and the Moon. The Earth must be about 150 million kilometers from the Sun. The Earth is about 380000 km from the Moon. The Moon also pulls on the seawater and creates tides. This helps to stir up the nutrients in the sea so that it does not stagnate. If the Moon was closer, the tides would be too high. If the Moon was further away, the tides would be too low. There would not be a big enough stirring of the nutrients.
And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also.
God did not “create” from nothing on this day.
The Bible does not use the word "create".
The word "made" is used. "Make" has two meanings. It can mean forming something by putting parts together, or it can mean forcing a person or object to do something so as to arrive at or achieve some goal. Heaven and Earth had already been created from nothing. Thus there was no need to make heaven and Earth from something, they were already in existence. But God now wanted to make them do something. They must dominate the Earth's sky by being the main sources of light.
The Bible uses the word "made" which means that He made them do some task, to be rulers of the day and night. He made the Sun dominate the day and He made the Moon dominate the night.
The Sun and Moon were already there and did not need to be brought into existence. He “made the Sun and Moon do something”. He made them fulfill their functions.
He made each one serve its intended purpose.
Their light must dominate the day and the night. The Sun dominates the day, but not the night. So the Sun needs the Moon to reflect the sunlight onto the darkened Earth. This reflected sunlight we call moonlight, and it ensures that we can see enough to move around at night when it is Full Moon.
Jesus, the Word of God, should dominate our lives. When Jesus ascended to Heaven, the Light left the world. Then the Moon (the church) came on the scene, and their task was to reflect the Light of God’s Word. The mistake that the church made and still makes is that we reflect our own light, our own opinions. Or we reflect some other famous person’s opinions. Or we reflect the traditions of our church. All of these opinions, if not based directly on Scripture, are darkness. The Moon has no light of its own. It can only reflect the Sunlight to a world that is in darkness. Our only commission is to reflect the written Word of God. Nothing else. We have no light in ourselves, so we are only useful if we reflect the Bible, which is God's Light.
A note of caution. When the world gets between the Sun (God) and the Moon (church) then the Earth’s shadow blots out the Moon and we say the Moon is eclipsed. So worldliness blots out the testimony of Christians who should be reflecting the Word of God, rather than focusing on worldly gain and worldly fashion.
And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth,
God has set up the Bible as the ultimate and absolute Light to show us the way to Heaven. He set up the church so that the Christians would reflect the Bible to others, in both their speech and in their lifestyle.
Unfortunately, the Moon goes through phases when it reflects less and less light. The Sun never loses its brilliance. The fault is never with Jesus. The church is to blame when our Christian testimony fades.
And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good.
The Scripture tells us what is right (what is written in the Bible is the Sunlight) and what is wrong (what is not written in the Bible is spiritual darkness even if it sounds very logical to us humans ).
For example, Communism had a cruel hold over Roman Catholic Poland and the people suffered much material deprivation, but their faith in God was strong. Pope John Paul II played a key role in overthrowing the communist regime in Poland, which was home to many Roman Catholic believers. So all seemed well. This appeared to be a big step forward to liberate the Christians. Then the Roman Catholic church discovered to its horror that so many of the Polish people began a mad rush to accept American materialistic ideals. Greedy for gain, the faith of many declined. Now the Catholic church fears that many of the Polish people are spiritually worse off, and actually are further away from God than they were before.
So mixing religion and politics seemed a good idea at the time but was not such a good idea after all.
When politics and religion combine, it sadly seems to produce a dance-of-death.
Look at the Protestant-Catholic violence in Ireland in the last century.
God always waited until 1000 years had rolled by before He started His next step towards putting life on Earth.
And the evening and the morning were the fourth day.
There is no mention of night. So what is God trying to tell us?
Nighttime can be a symbol of the Great Tribulation at the end of the last church age (the seventh church age). Jesus will take His church to Heaven for the Wedding Feast. He is the Light, and when the Light is no longer on Earth then the Earth will be in darkness. The morning would then represent the return of the Light when He sets up the Millenium and rules on Earth for 1000 years. (Hitler claimed his Third Reich would rule 1000 years, but he got it wrong as he only lasted 12 years. But you can see Who he was copying when he claimed a 1000-year rule.)
The evening would then refer to the end of the seventh church age, just before the tribulation starts, when the full Light of Scripture would be restored back on Earth. Luther restored Justification, getting saved by faith. Wesley restored Sanctification, living holy. Pentecost restored the baptism of the Holy Spirit with supernatural gifts. Then we need a prophet to restore the Truth of Scripture. Today there are 160 major divisions in Christianity. Out of these divisions have emerged about 45000 different kinds of denomination or non-denominational churches, all with their own different beliefs. There are now over one hundred different versions of the Bible. Each Christian huddles in his or her denomination and hopes that they are right. But all 45000 types of churches, with their differences, cannot be right. So the vast majority of Christians are going to end up disappointed as they do not know that they have errors in their beliefs.
Knowing what the Bible means is very important, especially all the prophetic symbols. If we are ignorant of Scripture we will be easily fooled, especially as world events get more chaotic and churches and politicians adopt viewpoints and moralities that contradict Scripture.
So there will be light in the evening time, at the end of church history, as the Bride returns to the teachings of the first church age who obeyed the doctrine of the apostles.
But it shall be one day which shall be known to the LORD, not day, nor night: but it shall come to pass, that at evening time it shall be light.
But in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he shall begin to sound, the mystery of God should be finished, as he hath declared to his servants the prophets.
So the mystery of God is revealed during the seventh, or last, church age.
This is the evening time just before the darkness of the great Tribulation enters.
Then God misses out on mentioning the night (the Great Tribulation) and moves on to the morning (the start of the Millenium reign of Jesus on Earth).
This means that God’s true church, His Bride, will not go through the 3½ years of Tribulation. They will miss the night because during those 3½ years they will be in Heaven where there is no night, no darkness, and no sin.
Thus the Bride of Christ will not go through the Great Tribulation.
When God decided to put life on the Earth that He had created, He decided to take 7 God-days or 7000 of our years. There were no humans until the sixth day so there was no need to use human days.
So in 6000 years, God turned a lifeless, desolate planet into a Paradise.
Then the 7th day was to be for the son of God, Adam, and his bride to rule over the Earth for 1000 years.
But sometime during that seventh day of 1000 years, the woman got bored with what God had provided, and listened to an "exciting" new doctrine that was different from what God had said. She took her eyes off God's Word, and sin entered and Satan took over the world.
Satan has now ruled the Earth for 6000 years since he messed up God’s plan in Eden and he has turned the Paradise of Eden into a desolate killing zone, inspired by human hatreds, resulting in more than 100 million people being killed in the wars fought during the last century. Today people complacently reject the written Word of God as not being of any great importance. Does it make any difference they ask? Self-satisfied, they feel they have need of nothing, and certainly need no correction. These illusions will be shattered by the tidal wave of the Great Tribulation that will hit the world like a spiritual Tsunami, devastating everything. But the world will go out with a wave of fire, not water as it was in Noah's day.
II PETER 3:10
But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up.
Now is the day of man. You can do as you like. You can believe in God, ignore God, or oppose God. You have free will.
The Tribulation is the day of the Lord, when God does as He likes with sinful mankind, in order to cleanse the Earth for the Millenium.
Jesus has to destroy evil at the end of the Great Tribulation then Jesus as the Son of God will rule for 1000 years with His Bride, the true church, to fulfill the 7th Day that Adam, the first son of God, and his bride failed to do.
And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them: and I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years.
Light will always triumph over darkness. Light can eliminate darkness but darkness cannot put out the smallest light.